Short Description

caRamel is a multiobjective evolutionary algorithm combining the MEAS algorithm and the NGSA-II algorithm.

library(caRamel)

The Kursawe test function to optimize has two objectives and three variables.

kursawe <- function(i) {
k1 <- -10 * exp(-0.2 * sqrt(x[i,1] ^ 2 + x[i,2] ^ 2)) - 10 * exp(-0.2 * sqrt(x[i,2] ^2 + x[i,3] ^ 2))
k2 <- abs(x[i,1]) ^ 0.8 + 5 * sin(x[i,1] ^ 3) + abs(x[i,2]) ^ 0.8 + 5 * sin(x[i,2] ^3) + abs(x[i,3]) ^ 0.8 + 5 * sin(x[i,3] ^ 3)
return(c(k1, k2))
}

For instance, the following caRamel parameters for all the Kursawe optimizations can be:

nvar <- 3  # number of variables
bounds <- matrix(data = 1, nrow = nvar, ncol = 2) # upper and lower bounds
bounds[, 1] <- -5 * bounds[, 1]
bounds[, 2] <- 5 * bounds[, 2]
nobj <- 2  # number of objectives
minmax <- c(FALSE, FALSE) # minimization for both objectives
popsize <- 100  # size of the genetic population
archsize <- 100  # size of the archive for the Pareto front
maxrun <- 1000  # maximum number of calls
prec <- matrix(1.e-3, nrow = 1, ncol = nobj)  # convergence criteria

Multi-caRamel optimization

In this part we will run caRamel three times on the Kursawe test function and save all the front results.

nrepeat <- 3  # number of calls to caRamel
concat_results_objectives <- NULL  # save results for all the calls
concat_results_parameters <- NULL

for (i in seq(nrepeat)) {
optres <- caRamel(nobj,
nvar,
minmax,
bounds,
kursawe,
popsize,
archsize,
maxrun,
prec,
carallel = 0,
graph = FALSE,
verbose = FALSE)

concat_results_objectives <- rbind(concat_results_objectives,
optres$objectives) concat_results_parameters <- rbind(concat_results_parameters, optres$parameters)
}

Then all the results are reduced using the pareto function in order to get a new global front:

results_objectives <- concat_results_objectives
results_objectives[, !minmax] <- -results_objectives[, !minmax]  # important !

global_results_parameters <- concat_results_parameters[is_pareto, ]
plot(concat_results_objectives[, 1], concat_results_objectives[, 2],
col = "red", pch = "*")